Amelichloa caudata (Trin.) Arriaga & Barkworth

Sida 22: 148 (2006) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Densely tufted perennial, culms erect, to c. 0.8 m high but often shorter and overtopped by foliage, nodes glabrous. Leaves glabrous; blade weakly or strongly inrolled, to 80 cm long and 3 mm broad; ligule ciliate to 2 mm long. Inflorescence a loose but narrow panicle to 25 cm long. Glumes 6–9 mm long, usually purplish, acuminate, subequal; lemma 4–6 mm long, purplish at maturity, granular, with white hairs near the base, along the midrib and margins; coma sparse, 0.5–1.5 mm long; callus rudimentary, not pointed; awn twice bent, 10–20 mm long, 3–4 mm to the first bend, scabrous; palea subequal to lemma with a band of hairs down the centre. Flowers Nov.–Dec.

*GipP, *Gold, *MuM, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Als naturalised NSW, Tas. Apparently a recent introduction to Victoria, first collected in 1987. Most infestations are from pasture and roadsides in the Clunes, Talbot, Maryborough, and Dunolly-Castlemaine districts, but also recorded from Swan Hill, North Coburg and Wangaratta. Unpalatable to stock.

The presence of cleistogenes within the leaf-sheaths limits the effectiveness of normal methods of control (e.g. slashing or burning) and as a result this species has the potential to infest vast tracts of pasture in the drier agricultural districts.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Stipa caudata Trin.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-26
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Amelichloa
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Amelichloa caudata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Amelichloa caudata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales