Perennial, dioecious herbs. Rhizome hard, creeping or tufted. Stems ± erect, subterete or terete, greenish, branched or unbranched. Leaves reduced to persistent sheathing bracts. Male and female inflorescences dissimilar. Male spikelets many-flowered, spikelets arranged in a branched inflorescence. Female spikelets simple, 1–many-flowered. Floral bracts imbricate, glume-like, several, dark brown, with membranous margin. Perianth (4–)5–6, unequal, the 2 outer slightly longer and keeled. Female flowers with 3 small staminodes or staminodes absent; ovary unilocular; style with (2–)3 branches. Fruit a small ovoid nut.
About 16species occurring in Australia, 1 in Victoria.
The classification of Leptocarpus has recently changed to include Meeboldina Suessenguth and Stenotalis B.G.Briggs & L.A.S.Johnson (Briggs 2014).
Briggs, B.G. (2014). Leptocarpus (Restionaceae) enlarged to include Meeboldina and Stenotalis, with new Western Australian species and subgenera. , Telopea 16: 19-41.