Caladenia moschata (D.L.Jones) G.N.Backh.

Victorian Naturalist 127: 57 (2010) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant slender, 15–30 cm tall, green (sometimes tinged red). Leaf linear, 9–18 cm long, 3–5 mm wide. Flowers 1–5, white inside, often with pink or bronze colouring towards segment tips, strongly musk-scented; ovary 5–8 mm long; perianth segments 12–16 mm long, 4–6 mm wide, acute, outer surface with purplish-brown or greenish-brown, sessile and stalked glands; dorsal sepal hooded, curved at about middle, embracing column, narrowly elliptic; petals and lateral sepals spreading, tips often drooping, narrowly elliptic, slightly asymmetric, lateral sepals slightly broader than petals. Labellum on short claw, obscurely 3-lobed, 7.5–9 mm long, 6–7 mm wide (when flattened), white, spotted with red or purple; lateral lobes with entire margins; mid-lobe tightly recurved, tapered, pale purple or pink, margins fringed with numerous spreading calli with smooth stalks and granular heads (i.e. with minute rounded papillae), apex acute, purplish; lamina calli in four rows, extending from base almost to labellum apex, becoming sessile and irregularly arranged towards apex, clubbed, heads granular (those near base of labellum sometimes slightly toothed), purple or yellow. Column erect at base, upper third abruptly bent forward, widely winged above, often spotted with red; anther with short point Flowers Oct.–Dec.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro, Wim. Also ACT. Widespread throughout much of Vic­toria, often on hillsides in drier, open-forests (e.g. stringybark-peppermint communities).

Caladenia moschata differs from C. cucullata in having generally larger, non-compressed (vertically), strongly fragrant flowers in a longer, less compact raceme. Caladenia moschata is more widespread than C. cucullata, and is found in most areas (except mallee) where the latter species grows. See also notes under C. cucullata.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Caladenia gracilis R.Br.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia moschata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia moschata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory