Lepidosperma filiforme Labill.

Common Rapier-sedge

Nov. Holl. Pl. 1: 17, t. 15 (1805) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Slender tufted perennial with very short rhizome. Culms rigid, erect, terete or slightly compressed, glabrous, smooth, 30–100 cm high, 0.7–2 mm diam. Leaf-blades terete above, channelled near base, often more compressed than culms and shorter, to 1 mm diam., or reduced; sheaths straw-coloured to reddish, not viscid, dull. Inflorescence linear to fan-shaped in outline, erect to spreading, rachis straight or flexuose (especially on longer branches), 1–12 cm long, 0.5–8 cm diam.; involucral bract shorter than inflorescence. Spikelets few to numerous, 6–10 mm long; glumes 4–6, pale red-brown to grey-brown, the 2 or 3 lowest empty, shorter than fertile glumes, acute, mucronate, glabrous; fertile glumes 7–9 mm long, long-acute, slightly scabrous; hypogynous scales 5 or 6, whitish to yellowish, from one-quarter to one-third length of nut. Nut narrow-obovoid to ovoid, grey-green to red-brown, smooth, shining, 2.8–4.0 mm long, 1.2–1.8 mm diam. Flowers spring–summer.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HSF, MonT, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also ?SA, NSW, Tas. New Zealand. Occurs chiefly on moist sandy soils, in heaths, woodlands and low open-forests, locally common.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Lepidosperma
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Lepidosperma filiforme in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lepidosperma filiforme in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory