Lactuca saligna L.

Willow-leaf Lettuce

Sp. Pl. 796 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual or biennial, 20–100 cm high; stems erect, branched. Leaves green, sometimes lower midrib spiny; basal and lower cauline leaves sessile, amplexicaul, lanceolate in outline, 8–20 cm long, 0.5–5 cm wide, usually pinnatisect with few narrow retrorse lobes, or runcinate, rarely entire; upper cauline leaves sessile, linear, mostly entire, becoming bract-like at inflorescences. Capitula pedunculate, 1–3 in axils of reduced leaves; involucre 7–10 mm long (to 15 mm long in fruit); inner longer, erect in fruit, mostly green. Florets slightly exceeding involucre, pale yellow; ligule 4–5 mm long. Cypselas elliptic, 5–9 mm long (including 2–5 mm beak) minutely bristly above, grey-brown; pappus c. 5 mm long. Flowers Oct.–May.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *RobP, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to Europe and western Asia. Locally common in western and north-central Victoria, scattered elsewhere, largely co-extensive with L. serriola.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Asteraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Lactuca
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Lactuca saligna in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lactuca saligna in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory