Caladenia carnea R.Br.

Prodr. 324 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant slender, 8–25 cm tall. Leaf linear, 5–15 cm long, shorter than flowering stem, 2–4 mm wide. Flowers 1–5, usually pink, sometimes white; ovary 5–10 mm long; perianth segments mostly greenish or pink on outside, with numerous sessile and stalked glands; dorsal sepal erect, sometimes recurved, linear, c. 10–15 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, usually more than 3 times as long as broad, apex bluntly acute to acute; lateral sepals spreading, sometimes slightly asymmetric, lanceolate, 10–17 mm long, 3–4 mm wide; petals spreading, 10–13 mm long, 3–3.5 mm wide. Labellum sessile, 3-lobed, 5–8 mm long, 5–8 mm wide (when flattened), white or pinkish, with prominent transverse red bars; lateral lobes prominent, broad, margins entire, anterior margin rounded; mid-lobe small, recurved, triangular, usually about same length (when straightened) as lateral lobes, toothed or with marginal calli or rarely entire, yellow at apex; lamina calli in 2–4 rows up to base of mid-lobe, stalked and clubbed, yellow. Column incurved, narrowly winged, barred with dark-red; anther with a long point. Flowers Aug.–Nov.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Widespread across much of Victoria but absent from the far north-west and the alps. Habitats include coastal heathlands and scrubland, woodlands and open forests on well-drained sandy loams or dry skeletal soils.

Extremely variable in terms of flowering time, flower colour and size and possibly still contains undescribed taxa.

Caladenia carnea var. subulata is not recognised as a distinct taxon, being regarded currently as a freakish development of C. carnea.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-04-21
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia carnea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia carnea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory