Liparophyllum exaltatum (Sol. ex Sims) Tippery & Les

Novon 19: 408 (2009) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect emergent perennial to 120(–150) cm high; stolons absent. Petioles of basal leaves to 76 cm long; blades erect, usually ovate-elliptic or lanceolate to broad-ovate, 4–14 cm long, entire or rarely crenulate-dentate, rounded to truncate to shallowly cordate at the base, thick-textured, surfaces c. uniformly matt. Panicle erect, open, near apex of flowering stem. Flowers heterostylous; calyx 4.5–8 mm long; corolla 16–30 mm diam., lobes (4–)5, with broad, entire to crenulate wings, not keeled or rarely with a rudimentary keel; stigmas 2(–3); stigmas longer than broad and exceeding anthers in long-styled flowers, broader than long and not exceeding anthers in short-styled flowers. Fruiting pedicels 4–13(–18) mm long, erect; capsule 5–13 mm long, c. equal to calyx, subglobular to broad-ellipsoid, the lower third to half adnate to calyx-tube; seeds broad-ellipsoid, laterally compressed, (1.5–)1.7–2.6(–3) mm long, pale fawn to dark grey-black, mostly with crowded, terete, apically minutely papillate tubercles to 0.3 mm long, sometimes tubercles absent or reduced; caruncle large, circular. Flowers Sep.–Mar., fruits Nov.–May.

EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HSF, Strz, VVP, WPro. Also Qld, NSW, Tas. Typically aquatic in still fresh water to 45(–90) cm deep in permanent swamps or temporarily inundated depressions of grey sand heathland. Occurs in pure stands in open sites or in association with emergent sedges and low shrubs in semi-shade. Tends to occupy shallower water and to flower earlier than Ornduffia reniformis where both species occur together.

Source: Aston, H.I. (1999). Menyanthaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Villarsia exaltata (Sol. ex Sims) G.Don).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-08-01
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Liparophyllum exaltatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Liparophyllum exaltatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Greater Grampians present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory