Caladenia oenochila G.W.Carr

Indig. Flora & Fauna Assoc. Misc. Pap. 1: 11 (1991) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Flowering plant 20–40 cm tall. Leaf 7–12 cm long, 8–12 mm wide. Flower usually solitary, sometimes 2; perianth segments 3.5–5.5 cm long, pale yellow-green with purple infusions or stripes and dark glandular tips; sepals flattened at base, 2–5 mm wide, abruptly tapered to a long tail densely covered in crowded, sessile glands, sometimes differentiated into thickened clubs; petals shorter than sepals but otherwise similar. Labellum curved forward with apex recurved and lateral lobes erect, lamina ovate-cordate, 3-lobed, 12–15 mm long and 9–11 mm wide (when flattened), deep red or pale yellow-green with deep red margins and calli, mid-lobe often wine-red; margins of lateral lobes fringed with linear calli to 2.5 mm long; margins of mid-lobe with shorter, foot-like calli becoming tooth-like near tip; lamina calli in 4 or 6 rows, usually extending onto base of mid-lobe, narrow, foot-shaped, c. 1.2 mm long at base of lamina, decreasing in size towards apex. Flowers Aug.–Oct.

CVU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, OtP, VVP, WPro. Endemic to Victoria where mostly known from the foothills immediately east of Melbourne, but sporadically distributed from Yarram through to Ararat. Relatively common in moist, often grassy forest or woodland, often in shaded habitats.

Flowering can be enhanced dramatically by summer fires.

Hybrids between Caladenia oenochila and a species from the C. dilatata group are known from near Officer.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Caladenia lindleyana (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia oenochila in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia oenochila in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map