Limonium australe (R.Br.) Kuntze

Yellow Sea-lavender

Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 395 (1891) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Glabrous perennial with erect, ridged or angular flowering stems, 20–45 cm high. Leaves rosetted at base, oblanceolate to spathulate, tapered gradually to petiole, 5–15 cm long, 8–25 mm wide, entire, but margin often undulate. Inflorescence corymbose; spikelets 2- or 3-flowered, crowded in the upper 1–4 cm of numerous, more or less erect ultimate branches; bracts ovate, entire, the outer and middle bract 2–4 mm long, the inner 6–8 mm long; calyx 6–8 mm long, white to pink, the tube 4–5 mm long, 5-ridged, usually with a row of short inclined hairs along the ridges, the limb 2–3 mm diam., with 5 more or less acute lobes; petals fused shortly at base, slightly longer than calyx, yellow. Capsule 5-angled, circumsciss near base; seed flattened-fusiform, c. 3 mm long, brown. Flowers mainly Jan.–Apr.

GipP, OtP, WPro. In Victoria apparently confined to mangrove and saltmarsh communities near Point Lonsdale, Western Port, Shallow Inlet and Corner Inlet.

2 varieties are recognised, only var. australe is known to occur in Victoria. See note under var. baudinii.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Plumbaginaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-12-11
Hero image
Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Limonium australe in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Limonium australe in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Wilsons Promontory present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales