Salix ×reichardtii A.Kern.

Pussy Willow

Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 10: 249 (1860) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect, few–many-stemmed shrub or small tree to c. 12 m high, crown often rather narrow in outline; bark smooth, pale grey-brown, ultimately shallowly fissured near base of trunk; twigs coarse, densely pilose, usually becoming glabrous, olive-green to deep reddish-brown; wood sparsely striate; buds glabrescent or remaining densely long-pilose, rich chestnut, glossy. Leaves broadly elliptic to elliptic-obovate, 4–10.5 cm long, 2–4.5 cm wide, sparsely pubescent or becoming glabrous, deep green and glossy above except on the densely pubescent midrib, densely to sparsely long-pilose below (midrib and main veins densely pilose) and green to moderately glaucous; margins with coarse glandular teeth, usually undulate; stipules auriculate or asymmetrically ovate-acuminate to 13 mm long. Catkins (male only in Victoria) sessile or very shortly pedunculate, subtended by inconspicuous bracts, very dense-flowered, ovoid or shortly cylindric, 2–3.5 cm long, 1.5–2 cm wide; catkin-scales 2–3 mm long, black except for a brown base; stamens 2. Flowers Aug.–Nov.

*CVU, *HSF, *NIS, *VVP. Also naturalised SA, NSW, Tas. Indigenous in Europe, possibly Asia. Also naturalised New Zealand. Mostly on streambanks where naturalised to a limited extent by vegetative means; probably more widespread than the few records suggest.

Salix ×reichardtii is a hybrid between S. caprea and S. cinerea subsp. oleifolia or subsp. cinerea. Only male plants are present in Victoria.

A complex series of hybrids between S. ×reichardtii and S. cinerea subsp. cinerea, with male and female plants, has been noted on Dandenong Creek, Ringwood.

Source: Carr, G.W. (1996). Salix. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-03-20
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Salicaceae
genus Salix
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Salix ×reichardtii in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Salix ×reichardtii in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced