Poa billardierei (Spreng.) St-Yves

Candollea 3: 284 (1927) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Glabrous, coastal perennial to 60 cm high, forming tussocks but with an erect, branching rhizome. Leaf-blades closely folded, subterete, to 50 cm long and c. 1 mm diam., smooth on the outer surface, densely scabrous, pubescent within, pungently pointed at the apex; sheaths smooth, closely sheathing stem; ligules thinly membranous, to 6 mm long. Panicle dense, lanceolate or spike-like, to 10 cm long, overtopped by leaves. Spikelets 3–5-flowered, 12–16 mm long, pale straw-coloured; glumes subequal, 9–12 mm long, strongly keeled, scabrous along the keels, rarely shortly pubescent; lemmas narrow-lanceolate, 7–11 mm long, 5–7-nerved, strongly keeled, acute, unawned, smooth to minutely scabrous-pubescent; callus virtually glabrous but rachilla segments with copious white silky hairs; palea subequal to lemma. Flowers mainly Sep.–Oct.

Brid, EGL, GipP, Glep, OtP, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also WA, SA, NSW, Tas. New Zealand. Of scattered occurrence on coastal sand dunes from near Nelson in the far south-west to the NSW border, but infrequently collected in recent times and possibly being displaced by the superficially similar, introduced Marram-grass (Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link).

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Austrofestuca littoralis (Labill.) E.B.Alexeev).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-11-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Poa
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Poa billardierei in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Poa billardierei in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory