Malus pumila Mill.


Gard. Dict.: Malus no, edn 8, 3 (1768) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect small to medium-sized deciduous tree to c. 10 m high; stems mostly unarmed, twigs and new growth tomentose. Leaves simple, ovate to elliptic, mostly 3–13 cm long, 1.5–7 cm wide, base rounded, apex acute or obtuse, margins entire, crenate or serrate, upper surface sparsely tomentose, lower surface densely tomentose; petiole 1–5 cm long; stipules early caducous. Flowers in corymbs on short lateral or terminal shoots; pedicels densely pubescent. Sepals densely pubescent; petals ovate to suborbicular, 15–25 mm long, white, pink or reddish; stamens numerous, anthers yellow; styles 5, fused basally. Pome subglobose, usually c. 5–9 cm diam., impressed above and below, glabrous, green, yellowish, red, or a combination of these. Flowers spring.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP. SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Widespread across much of the State, mostly in cooler areas, naturalizing from discarded cores and animal-dispersed seed, common along roadsides, but occasionally entering intact cool forest communities.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-12-01
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rosaceae
genus Malus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Malus pumila in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Malus pumila in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory