Malus

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Deciduous large shrubs or small trees, sometimes spiny below. Leaves simple, alternate, serrate, sometimes lobed (not in Victoria), petiolate; stipules present. Inflorescence a corymbose cluster. Flowers bisexual, white, pink or reddish. Receptacle (hypanthium) hemispherical, cup-shaped or urceolate, open at anthesis; sepals 5; petals 5, shortly clawed; stamens 15–many; carpels 3–5, fused, enclosed within and united to receptacle, walls cartilaginous in fruit, ovules 2 or more per carpel. Fruit a globose, fleshy pome, lacking stone-cells, green, yellowish or flushed with red; seeds ovoid, compressed, brown.

About 35 species, from northern temperate regions; 1 naturalised in Australia.

Many species, hybrids and cultivars are grown for their edible fruits (apples) or as ornamentals (crabapples). The domestic apple is of hybrid origin, derived from a number of European and Asian species. Some taxonomists include the genus Pyrus (pears) within Malus.

Source: Jeanes, J.A.; Jobson, P.C. (1996). Rosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rosaceae
Higher taxa
genus Malus
Subordinate taxa