Solanum triflorum Nutt.

Cut-leaf Nightshade

Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 128 (1818) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Prostrate or sprawling annual herb, green, sparsely pubescent with simple hairs; stems to c. 1 m long, sometimes rooting at nodes; prickles absent. Leaves pinnatifid to pinnatisect, ovate or elliptic, 2–4 cm long, 1–2.5 cm wide, margins recurved and thickened, more or less concolorous, sparsely hairy to glabrescent; petiole 0.5–1 cm long. Inflorescences simple, 1–3-flowered, with a small terminal leaflet; peduncle 1–3 cm long. Flowers on pedicels 3–10 mm long; calyx 3–5 mm long, lobes lanceolate to narrow-triangular, 1.5–2 mm long, enlarging slightly and reflexing in fruit; corolla stellate, 5–6 mm diam., white or rarely pale lavender, lobes pubescent; anthers c. 2.5 mm long. Berry globose, 8–12 mm diam., whitish-green, marbled; seeds 1–2 mm long, pale brownish-yellow; stone-cell granules c. 1 mm long. Flowers mostly summer to autumn.

*EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *MuM, *NIS, *SnM, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to North America. Widespread weed of disturbed sites mainly in drier inland areas.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Solanum triflorum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum triflorum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory