Thelymitra hiemalis D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.

Orchadian 12: 330 (1998) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Endemic

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering stem erect, curved or straight, 20–35 cm tall, 2–5 mm diam., mostly straw-coloured to green, reddish basally. Leaf linear-lanceolate, 12–20 cm long, 8–12 mm wide, fleshy, canaliculate, dark green, often reddish at base. Inflorescence 1–5-flowered, loose. Sterile bracts 2, leaf-like. Fertile bracts usually large and leaf-like. Perianth segments oblong to lanceolate, sharply pointed, 15–22 mm long, sepals often greenish, petals and labellum mauve or blue, with large irregular darker spots. Column 4–5 mm long, white or pinkish, often with a brownish subterminal band; mid-lobe not hooded, dorsal surface with a central patch of crowded fingerlike vertical calli, yellow or orange; accessory-lobes incurved over anther, columnar, protruding beyond the mid-lobe, oblique or flat-topped, yellow to orange; lateral lobes present or absent, 0–1.5 mm long, extending horizontally or oblique, flattish, ending in a more or less globose white hair-tuft. Anther protruding below or between column-arms, shortly beaked. Flowers Jun.–Aug.

CVU, GipP, Glep, HSF, OtP, OtR, VVP. Also SA. Found in heathland and heathy woodland on well-drained soils.

Distinguished from Thelymitra ixioides and T. juncifolia by the usually leaf-like fertile bracts, narrow, sharply pointed perianth segments of contrasting colour and the usually Winter flowering season.

Known from very few records in Victoria including Mt Richmond near Portland, Anglesea, Upper Beaconsfield and Blackburn, a suburb of Melbourne.

Source: Weber, J.Z.; Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Thelymitra. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Thelymitra ixioides var. subdifformis Nicholls).
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2014-09-09
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Thelymitra
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Thelymitra hiemalis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Thelymitra hiemalis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia