Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.

Hedge Mustard

Fl. Carniol., edn 2, 2: 26 (1772) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual or biennial, to 90 cm high, with coarse hairs on lower leaves and stems. Stems usually stiffly branched, often purplish. Basal leaves in rosette, to 25 cm long but often much shorter, deeply pinnately dissected with 3–5 pairs of lateral lobes, margins toothed; stem leaves smaller towards inflorescence. Sepals 2–3 mm long; petals 2–4 mm long. Fruit erect, narrow-conical, straight, 1–2 cm long, c. 2 mm wide at base, often purplish; style indistinct, 0.5–1 mm long; pedicels appressed, 1–3 mm long. Flowers mostly spring.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalized all States except NT, also New Zealand, etc. Native to Europe, North Africa, Asia. A common weed of agriculture, but widespread through a range of habitats.

No other Brassicaceae in Australia have appressed fruits which are narrow-conical in shape.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2019-12-20
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Sisymbrium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Sisymbrium officinale in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Sisymbrium officinale in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present introduced
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory