Arthropodium minus R.Br.

Small Vanilla-lily

Prodr. 276 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Plants tufted, to c.50 cm high. Roots tuberous, tubers plump, c. 2 cm long, virtually sessile on rootstock. Leaves linear, 5–30 cm long, 1–5 mm wide, flat, initially erect, but usually withering before flowering. Inflorescence erect, simple, rarely few-branched. Flowers solitary (rarely paired) in bract axils, pendent; perianth segments spreading or recurved, 3–5 mm long, pale to rich mauve, petals broader than sepals; stamens shorter than the perianth segments, filament hairs white to purple, filament sometimes with narrow lobes near the base of the hairy section, anthers dark purple, or perhaps sometimes greenish, soon dehiscing and recurving, exposing the pale inner surface. Capsule ovoid, c. 5 mm long. Seeds 2–3 mm long. Flowers Aug.–Dec.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, RobP, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also SA, NSW. Occurs chiefly in drier woodland and grassland communities throughout lowland Victoria, occasional in dried, seasonally swampy ground. Uncommon in the far north-west and far east and becoming rare near settled areas.

Specimens from the northern mallee and a few scattered localities elsewhere (volcanic plain near Melbourne, far East Gippsland) are distinctive in having conspicuously jointed pedicels; however, the taxonomic significance of this feature is unclear.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2017-02-22
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asparagaceae
genus Arthropodium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Arthropodium minus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Arthropodium minus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory