Panicum laevinode Lindl.

Pepper Grass

in Mitch., Three Exped. Australia 1: 235 (1838) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Tufted annual or short-lived perennial. Culms erect, to 80 cm high; nodes glabrous. Leaves glabrous; sheath pale; blade flat, to 15 cm long, 3–8 mm wide; ligule 1.5–2.5 mm long, ciliate. Panicle 8–15 cm long, fully exserted at maturity, primary and secondary branches remaining appressed, or if spreading, remaining inclined to main axis. Summit of pedicel more or less circular. Spikelets 2.3–3.1 mm long; lower glume apparently nerveless or weakly 1-nerved, obtuse, without a central point, 0.5–1.2 mm long; rachilla barely exposed between glumes; upper glume 7-(rarely 9-)nerved, acute to acuminate, 2–3 mm long; lemma of lower floret equal to upper glume; palea of lower floret c. three-quarters as long as its lemma; fertile lemma acute to obtuse, slightly shorter than spikelet, hard, shining, dorsally rounded; palea subequal to lemma, flat. Flowers mostly Jan.–Mar.

MuF, NIS, VRiv, Wim. Uncommon, recorded from native grassland, grassy Red Gum forests, and sometimes, pasture in north-central Victoria, mostly occurring on land prone to inundation and very responsive to summer rain.

Close to Panicum decompositum, distinguished largely by the usually annual habit and the narow inflorescence, the lower branches of which are usually solitary rather than whorled.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2016-03-09
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2016-03-09
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Panicum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Panicum laevinode in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Panicum laevinode in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales