Panicum miliaceum L.

Common Millet

Sp. Pl. 1: 58 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Tufted annual, not or barely tussock-forming, but often several-stemmed from base; culms ascending to erect, to c. 1 m high; nodes hairy. Leaves with spreading, tubercle-based hairs on sheaths and blade margins, sometimes also on adaxial surface of blades; blade flat, to 35 cm long and 2(–3) cm wide; ligule a fringe 1.5–3 mm long, sometimes shortly membranous at base. Panicle usually dense, c. 15–30 cm long, typically drooping at maturity, sometimes remaining partially enclosed in upper leaf sheath. Spikelets 4–5.5 mm long; lower glume 5–7-nerved, ovate, acute, c. 3 mm long; upper glume 9–11-nerved, ovate, acute, as long as the spikelet; rachilla visible between glumes; lemma of lower floret equal to upper glume; palea of lower floret absent; fertile lemma obtuse, hard, shining, smooth, indistinctly nerved, c. 1 mm shorter than upper glume, dorsally rounded; palea subequal to lemma, convex. Flowers and fruits mostly Feb.–Apr.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *MuF, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Occurs in all States, but not NT. Native to Europe and Asia. An occasional weed of roadsides, railways, footpaths, vacant land etc., usually as a result of discarded birdseed or spill from grain transport.

Grown primarily as grain fodder for stock and birdseed. The grain does not contain gluten and is sometimes used as a wheat substitute in gluten-free products.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2016-08-22
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2017-05-17
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Panicum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Panicum miliaceum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Panicum miliaceum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory