Branches (except in F. pulverulenta) differentiated into long- and short-shoots; leaves on short-shoots usually crowded, all leaves often encrusted or dotted with salt, giving a greyish hue. Flowers each subtended by a whorl of 4 leaf-like bracts, fused at base. Calyx 4–6-lobed, the margins usually ciliate; petals 4–6, spathulate, clawed or sometimes ribbon-like; stamens (in Victoria) 4–7; style-branches usually 3, ovary of 3 carpels, ovules 1–many per placenta, often crowded.
80 species in temperate and subtemperate regions; 45 species in Australia (1 naturalised).
The following account is based on that of Whalen (1986).
Whalen, M.A. (1986). 'Frankeniaceae' in J.P. Jessop & H.R. Toelken (eds), Flora of South Australia 2: 873-881.