Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz

False Flax

Stirp. Austr. fasc., edn 1, 1: 17 (1762) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual herbs to 80 cm high, simple or branched, glabrous or with sparse, minute branched hairs. Cauline leaves lanceolate to narrowly oblong, mostly 2–7(–9) cm long, 2–10 mm wide; margins usually entire. Inflorescence a dense raceme; pedicles ascending, up to 25 mm long. Sepals 2–3(–4) mm long; petals yellow, 4–5.5 mm long; filaments 1.5–3 mm long. Fruit pyriform or broadly obovoid, 7–9(–13) mm long, 4–5 mm wide; valves with prominent mindvein; style 1–2.5 mm long. Seeds 1.5–3 mm long.    Flowers and fruits Sep.–Nov.

Naturalised in WA, SA, Tas. A native of eastern Europe and western Asia which has spread world-wide as a crop-weed, with distinctive inverted, pear-shaped fruits. Although reported occasionally from agricultural land, there is no evidence to suggest that it has become naturalised in Victoria.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-08-14
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-08
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Camelina
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Camelina sativa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Camelina sativa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera extinct introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain extinct introduced
Otway Plain extinct introduced
Northern Inland Slopes extinct introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales