Euphrasia collina R.Br.

Prodr. 436 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial herb or subshrub, 5–60 cm high, with sporadic branching on the several main branches, either confined to or well above ground-level; glandular hairs of variable presence and distribution between subspecies. Leaves with 1–6 pairs of teeth, base narrow-cuneate to truncate. Racemes of variable length. Calyx 3.5–16 mm long; corolla 9.5–16 mm long, white to purple, blue or pink, sometimes with yellow blotches on lower lip, lacking conspicuous purple striations; anthers 1.2–2.5 mm long, the area about the connectives usually hairy or rarely glabrous. Capsule 5.5–14.5 mm long, glabrous or bristly only at apex or in upper two-thirds.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro, Wim.

A highly polymorphic species of over 14 races, formally named as subspecies, which have geographically and ecologically restricted ranges, some widespread, others very localised; 8 subspecies in Victoria

The various races are distinguished on correlated characters, many of which have overlapping ranges of variation. In some instances there is intergradation between the races on ecotonal zones between habitats or on a geographical basis. Observation and/or measurement of some of the characters described here will require a microscope or hand lens.

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Scrophulariaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-16
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euphrasia collina in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euphrasia collina in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory