Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Semi-parasitic annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs; rootlets often connected to those of other plants by nodule-like swellings (haustoria). Leaves opposite and decussate, serrate, pinnatifid or crenate; lower surface with sessile glands. Inflorescences terminal spike-like racemes; bracts leaf-like. Calyx 4-lobed, median clefts longer or equal to the lateral clefts; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip hooded, with 2 recurved lobes, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes; stamens 4, in pairs of unequal length, anthers forming a U-shaped configuration by fusion along the margins, dehiscing by eglandular hair-lined slits, filaments attached on the outer face, bases of cells attenuated into a rigid awn; ovary 2-locular; stigma unequally 2-lobed. Capsule loculicidal; seeds many, obliquely ellipsoid, longitudinally ribbed, with trabeculate connecting ribs.

About 200 species, from temperate regions of both Hemispheres, extending into the tropics in Malaysia; c. 20 species in Australia.

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Scrophulariaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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