Euphrasia scabra R.Br.

Rough Eyebright

Prodr. 437 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Erect annual herb 8.5–50 cm high; branches developed in consecutive nodes, the oldest below inflorescence; branches leaves, bracts and calyces scabrous with coarse short eglandular hairs, with at least the calyx also glandular-hairy. Upper stem leaves ovate to elliptic, usually 6–20 mm long, 1–9.5 mm wide, pinnatifid to serrate-crenate with 1–5 pairs of teeth, base rounded-cuneate to truncate. Calyx 4.3–9 mm long; corolla 8–14 mm long, yellow, not striated; anthers 1.1–1.6 mm long, with area around connectives glabrous or hairy. Capsule 5–9.3 mm long, setose except at base. Flowers Oct.–Feb.

Brid, CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP. Formerly widespread, but not common, in lowland and montane regions throughout Victoria, this species is now threatened with extinction and confined to a few sites in the eastern ranges (e.g. Mt Koonika, Nunniong Plateau, Bendock areas). Observed in damp grassy situations, amongst shrubs, in sclerophyll forest, clearings or subalpine woodland.

Euphrasia scabra is polymorphic, with at least 2 taxa included under this name occurring in Victoria. Most plants belong to a scabrous small-flowered race (with affinities to E. orthocheila W.R. Barker of New South Wales), occurring in lowland to montane sites. The other race, with larger flowers and softer indumentum (approaching E. caudata), appears to be restricted to a single subalpine site near the Bogong High Plains.

Source: Barker, W.R. (1999). Scrophulariaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Orobanchaceae
genus Euphrasia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euphrasia scabra in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euphrasia scabra in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales