Solanum nigrum L.

Black Nightshade

Sp. Pl. 186 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or spreading herb or short-lived perennial shrub to 1 m high, dark green or purple-green, pubescent with glandular and simple hairs; prickles absent. Leaves ovate, mostly 4–13 cm long, 2–7 cm wide, apex acute or acuminate, base truncate to cuneate, margins entire or shallowly lobed, concolorous, both surfaces sparsely pubescent to glabrescent; petiole 1–3(–7) cm long. Inflorescences simple, 4–12-flowered; peduncle 1–2 cm long, deflexed in fruit. Flowers on pedicels to 10 mm long; calyx 1.5–2.2 mm long, lobes triangular, 0.3–1.2 mm long; corolla stellate, 8–12 mm diam., white, lobes ovate to oblong; anthers c. 2 mm long. Berry globose, 6–8(–11) mm diam., dull black or purple-black; seeds 1.8–2.2 mm long, fawn; stone-cell granules rarely present. Flowers throughout the year but mostly spring and summer.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NT, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to Europe but now a cosmopolitan weed. Widespread throughout much of the state often near habitation or cultivation.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Solanum nigrum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum nigrum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory