Xanthorrhoea minor subsp. lutea D.J.Bedford

Small Grass-tree

Fl. Australia 46: 228 (1986) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Stem almost totally subterranean, branched under ground. Leaves forming a ± erect tuft, depressed obtriangular, or often concave in cross-section, 1.9–3.5 mm wide, 1–1.5 mm thick, green, not glaucous. Inflorescence with flower-bearing part 5–30 cm long, c. 7–25 mm diam., 0.2–0.5 times as long as non-flowering axis which is 30–60(–120) cm long and c. 3–15 mm diam.; bracts around flowers sometimes prominent, often obscure, shortly acute to triangular. Sepals with apex shortly acute and sometimes with an adaxial projection present; petals glabrous, except for a small hairy, adaxial projection from the apex. Flowers Oct.–Apr.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, NIS, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Chiefly on sandy soils in heathlands and heathy woodlands.

Bedford (1986) recognized 2 subspecies, namely Xanthorrhoea minor subsp. minor and Xanthorrhoea minor subsp. lutea. The former subspecies is restricted to New South Wales. In Xanthorrhoea minor subsp. minor  the bracts between flowers are ± shortly acute, subglabrous to fringed with hairs and glabrous on the abaxial side, and the petals are white to cream. The same bracts in Xanthorrhoea minor subsp. lutea are ± acute and medium hairy on margins and abaxial surface, and the petals are yellow.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Xanthorrhoeaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2020-01-02
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asphodelaceae
genus Xanthorrhoea
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Xanthorrhoea minor subsp. lutea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Xanthorrhoea minor subsp. lutea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia