Muscari armeniacum Leichtlin ex Baker

Grape Hyacinth

Gard. Chron., ser. 2, 9: 798 (1878) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted perennial to c. 40 cm high. Bulb tunics dark brown. Leaves 15–40 cm long, 3–10 mm wide, channelled along inner face. Raceme crowded, 3–6 cm long; flowers scented, pendent to patent; corolla of fertile flowers urceolate, 5–6 mm long, deep blue to purple with short, white lobes; sterile flowers with corolla obovoid, slightly shorter than those of fertile flowers and wholly blue. Capsule plump, obovoid, 7–9 mm long. Grape Hyacinth. Flowers early spring.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *MuF, *MuM, *OtP, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised SA, NSW, ACT. Native to eastern Mediterranean region, but widely cultivated. Recorded from Ballarat, Bendigo, Burrumbeet, Daylesford,  Dimboola,  and Geelong, probably becoming established at some of these sites as a result of dumping of garden refuse. Likely to be more widespread than records indicate, either as naturalised occurrences or as remnants around abandoned home sites.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-09-13
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asparagaceae
genus Muscari
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Muscari armeniacum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Muscari armeniacum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory