Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennials with long-creeping rhizomes with subglobose woody tubers. Culms triquetrous to trigonous, usually several-noded, leafy, solitary from tuber. Leaves numerous, well-developed, coriaceous, with margins and midribs scabrous towards the apex; ligule absent; lower sheaths often septate-nodulose. Inflorescence with a basal cluster of sessile spikelets plus several smooth branches, or sometimes head-like; lower involucral bracts leafy, several longer than inflorescence. Spikelets ovoid to cylindric, with numerous bisexual flowers; glumes spirally arranged, pubescent, with laciniate apex and long excurved awn; hypogynous bristles 6, retrorsely scabrous, sometimes deciduous; stamens 3; style 2- or 3-fid, not enlarged at base, deciduous. Nut trigonous or biconvex, obovoid.

Cosmopolitan, with c. 16 species world-wide; 4 species in Australia.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-07-31
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