Urtica urens L.

Small Nettle

Sp. Pl. 984 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Monoecious annual herb to 90 cm high; mature leaves and stems mostly glabrous or nearly so between the scattered stinging hairs, young stems and petioles quite pubescent. Leaves ovate to elliptic; base broadly wedge-shaped; margins deeply and narrowly toothed (rarely doubly toothed), hairy; apex rounded, obtuse or less commonly acute; lamina to 60 mm long (usually less than 40 mm) and 45 mm wide, paler beneath; petiole of leaves towards base of plant 1–2(–3) cm long, often at least half as long as lamina; stipules less than 5 mm long. Inflorescences bisexual, mostly shorter than petiole. Flowers almost sessile, 1–2 mm long, c. 1 mm wide, larger perianth parts of female flowers with hairs fringing edges and forming single line down middle of outer surface. Flowers all year.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WPro, *Wim. Naturalized all States except NT, also North and South America, South Africa and New Zealand. Native of Europe and northern Africa. Widespread in most areas of the state except the alps, often a weed of gardens or vegetable crops.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Urtica. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Urticaceae
genus Urtica
Higher taxa
species Urtica urens L.


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Urtica urens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Urtica urens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory