Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Plants monoecious or dioecious, with stinging hairs. Leaves opposite, decussate, petiolate, simple, toothed to incised, very rarely almost entire; mostly 3- or 5-veined at base; petiolate, stipulate. Inflorescence axillary, paired compact or elongate, interrupted spikes or panicles, unisexual or bisexual. Flowers deeply 4-lobed. Male flowers with perianth lobes equal; stamens 4; pistillode present. Female flowers with the 2 inner perianth lobes enlarged; pistil straight; style short or absent; stigma tufted, many-armed. Achene laterally compressed, ovoid, enclosed within persistent perianth.

About 100 species, mostly in temperate and warm-temperate regions; 3 species in Australia, 1 introduced.

Young shoots of most species are edible when boiled for a few minutes.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Urtica. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-10
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Urticaceae
Higher taxa
genus Urtica
Subordinate taxa