Fallopia

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes twining. Leaves alternate, petiolate, ovate, deltoid or sagittate; ochreas tubular, truncate, brownish, membranous, soon disintegrating. Flowers bisexual (sometimes functionally unisexual), in lax spike-like or branched panicles; perianth segments 5(–6), the outer 3 larger, usually sepaloid, green or whitish, enlarging in fruit and prominently keeled or winged; stamens 8; style 3-branched, stigmas capitate to peltately attached. Nut trigonous or triquetrous, remaining enclosed within perianth.

About 12 species from temperate Northern Hemisphere countries; 3 species naturalised in Australia.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Polygonaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-07-24
 
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