Euphorbia tannensis subsp. eremophila (A.Cunn. ex Hook.) D.C.Hassall

Desert Spurge

Austral. J. Bot. 25: 439 (1977) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Erect annual or perennial subshrub, mostly 5–50 cm high, rarely more; lower stems and branches becoming woody; upper branches green, glaucous. Leaves alternate below, subopposite in upper parts, linear to narrow-ovate, 5–70 mm long, 1–7 mm wide, acute to obtuse, base cuneate, margins entire or serrulate; petiole to c. 4 mm long; stipules subulate, c. 0.2 mm long. Cyathia solitary, terminal or axillary; peduncles to c. 1 mm long; involucre campanulate, 1–2 mm long, lobes incurved; glands more or less elliptic, c. 1 mm long, yellow to red, margins entire, crenulate or palmatifid; male flowers usually 4 per fascicle at anthesis; female flowers with styles cleft to the middle into 2 filiform recurved stigmas. Capsule ovoid-globose, 4–5 mm long and wide, erect, keeled, smooth, green; seeds quadrangular-oblong, 2.5–3 mm long, smooth, wrinkled or granular; caruncle hat-shaped, yellow-brown.  Flowers throughout the year.

MuM, MSB, VRiv. Also WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW. Known in Victoria from only a few sites in the far north-west where found on sandhills and rocky cliffs overlooking the Murray River, and an outlying 1905 record purportedly from near Kerang.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Euphorbiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euphorbia tannensis subsp. eremophila in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euphorbia tannensis subsp. eremophila in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales