Solanum coactiliferum J.M.Black

Western Nightshade

Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. South Australia 33: 224, t. 14 (1909) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e)

Erect shrub to 30 cm high, grey- or silver-green, densely pubescent with stellate hairs; prickles 2–5 mm long, straight or curved, mainly on stems. Leaves oblong, mostly 1–5 cm long, 3–10 mm wide, often folded, apex obtuse, base cuneate to truncate, margins entire or slightly undulate, concolorous, both surfaces densely pubescent; petiole 3–5(–15) mm long. Inflorescences simple, 1–6-flowered; peduncle to 1 cm long. Flowers on pedicels 10–15 mm long, elongating slightly in fruit; calyx 4–8 mm long, accrescent in fruit, lobes triangular, 1–5 mm long; corolla rotate-stellate, almost square in 4-lobed flowers, 20–30 mm diam., violet, lobes broad, acute; anthers 3.5–7 mm long. Berry depressed-globose, 8–15 mm diam., yellow to yellow-brown; seeds 2–3 mm long, pale brown. Flowers mostly spring and summer.

MuM. Also WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW. In Victoria, known only from near Annuello in the far north-west.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Solanum coactiliferum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum coactiliferum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory