Dodonaea heteromorpha J.G.West

Brunonia 7: 101 (1984) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: extinct (x)


J.H. Willis, in Handb. Pl. Victoria 2:357 (1973) recorded D. truncatiales for what is now regarded as D. heteromorpha. True D. truncatiales was subsequently discovered in far-eastern Victoria.

Dioecious, erect shrub to 3 m high; branchlets angular, ribbed to flattened, glabrous. Leaves opposite or alternate, usually simple and sessile, sometimes irregularly pinnate (then shortly petiolate) with 1–10 leaflets; simple leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, 3.5–8.3 cm long, 2–5 mm wide (leaflets, if present, 0.6–3 cm long, 2–3 mm wide), acute, margins flat to revolute, glabrous, not viscid. Flowers in axillary cymes; pedicels 3.5–10(–12.5) mm long; sepals 4, ovate, 1.5–2.3 mm long, viscid, caducous; stamens 8, c. equal in length with sepals; ovary glabrous. Capsule 4-winged, transversely oblong in outline, 5–6.5 mm long, 15–25 mm wide, glabrous, wings 6.5–10 mm wide, membranous, rarely coriaceous; seeds lenticular, 1.7–2.4 mm long, black, dull, exarillate. Flowers spring and summer.

Also Qld, NSW. In Victoria, known from 2 collections made in the late 19th century from Mt Zero in the Grampians, c. 500 km south-west of the nearest extant populations in New South Wales. Extensive, unsuccessful searches for this species suggest that D. heteromorpha is extinct in Victoria.

Dodonaea heteromorpha is unusual in the genus in having both simple and compound leaves.

The above description is based largely on ex-Victorian material.

Source: Duretto, M.F. (1999). Sapindaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Sapindales
family Sapindaceae
genus Dodonaea
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Dodonaea heteromorpha in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Dodonaea heteromorpha in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Goldfields extinct cultivated
Greater Grampians extinct native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales