Ulex europaeus L.


Sp. Pl. 741 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or ascending shrub to c. 3 m tall; stems striate, well-branched, spinescent, densely hairy with long and short spreading hairs, glaucous when young. Phyllodes linear, 8–35 mm long, to c. 1.5 mm wide, spiny, grooved lengthwise, glabrous to pubescent. Flowers axillary, usually solitary, clustered towards ends of branches; pedicels 5–7 mm long, villous; bracts ovate-acute, c. 2 mm long, hairy, yellow, persistent; bracteoles ovate, c. 3 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, hairy, attached at base of calyx. Calyx 12–20 mm long, yellow, hairy; corolla 15–20 mm long. Pod oblong, 10–20 mm long, c. 6 mm wide, somewhat compressed, densely villous; seeds 2–6, cordate, 3–4 mm long, brown, shiny; aril white. Flowers mainly Aug.–Oct., Mar.–May.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Native to western Europe. A garden or hedge plant that has become widely established in higher rainfall parts of the State. Declared a noxious weed in Victoria.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-05-30
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Ulex
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Ulex europaeus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ulex europaeus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory