Euphorbia dendroides L.

Tree Spurge

Sp. Pl. 1: 462 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect perennial shrub to 1(–1.5) m high, usually dome-shaped, branched from near base, glabrous throughout. Stems leafless in lower parts, more or less dichotomously branched, each finally with 3–5 umbellately-arranged terminal fertile branches, each umbel subtended by a whorl of leaves. Cauline leaves, sessile, alternate, oblong, 2–6 cm long, 3–9 mm wide, apex obtuse to rounded, decurved-apiculate, margins entire; whorled leaves subtending fertile branches similar to cauline leaves but often slightly shorter and/or wider. Cyathia solitary in paired bracts, these becoming contracted toward the stem apex; involucres sessile, cupular, 2–3 mm long, with 3–6 short pubescent lobes; glands elliptic, c. 2 mm diam., lacking appendages; female flowers with styles usually shortly bifid. Capsule depressed-globose, c. 6 mm long, 6 mm wide, deeply 3-lobed, smooth to minutely tuberculate, glabrous; seeds ellipsoid, c. 3 mm long, smooth, grey, caruncle reniform, fleshy, yellowish. Flowers mostly Apr.–Sep. (3 records only)

*GipP, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA. Occasional escaping from cultivation in near-coastal sites, recorded from Williamstown and Cape Patterson areas.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2014-08-15
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Euphorbiaceae
genus Euphorbia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euphorbia dendroides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euphorbia dendroides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia