Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rhizomatous perennials. Leaf-blades flat or folded; ligules short, membranous, ciliate. Inflorescence of 1–several spikes or racemes, each subtended by a reduced leaf. Spikelets in 2–4 ranks along rachis, paired, the lower sessile and recessed within the rachis, the upper pedicellate with the pedicel partly or completely fused along rachis, partly recessed, bisexual; glumes 2, those of the sessile spikelet dissimilar (1 thick, 1 membranous), and of the pedicellate spikelet similar (both thickened); outer lemma sterile, membranous; inner lemma and palea fertile, membranous.

About 10 species, from tropical Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia; 1 extending to Australia.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
Higher taxa
genus Hemarthria
Subordinate taxa