Euphorbia planitiicola D.C.Hassall

Plains Spurge

Austral. J. Bot. 25: 446 (1977) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Erect annual or perennial subshrub mostly 30–50 cm high; stems slender, branching dichotomously, usually leafless below. Leaves almost opposite in upper parts, linear to narrow-lanceolate, 5–50 mm long, 1–5 mm wide, apex obtuse, base attenuate, margins denticulate distally; petiole to c. 5 mm long; stipules apparently absent. Cyathia solitary, terminal or upper-axillary; peduncles to c. 1 mm long; involucre campanulate, to c. 1 mm long; glands ovate, c. 0.5 mm long, yellow, margins entire; male flowers 4 or 5 per fascicle at anthesis; female flowers with styles entire, capitate. Capsule depressed-globose, c. 3 mm long, c. 3.5 mm wide, erect, keeled, smooth, green; seeds more or less ovoid, to c. 2.5 mm long, deeply pitted and reticu-late, dark blue-green, caruncle small, thin, concavo-convex, sessile. Flowers throughout the year.

Gold, MuM, MSB, VRiv. Also SA, Qld, NSW. Known in Victoria only from near Boort, Inglewood, Kerang and Lake Wallawalla, where found on seasonally wet, cracking clay soils.

The epithet has been widely spelt 'planiticola', but the original spelling has been reinstated.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Euphorbiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Euphorbiaceae
genus Euphorbia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euphorbia planitiicola in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euphorbia planitiicola in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Goldfields present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales