Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.


Willdenowia 39: 51 (2009) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Glabrous herb, stems strongly 4-angled. Leaves opposite, sessile, 8–20 mm long, 5–13 mm wide, glabrous, 3-several-nerved from base. Flowers on fine, often decurved pedicels 1–3 cm long; calyx-lobes 5, very shortly united at base, narrow-acuminate, 3–5 mm long (elongating to c. 7 mm in fruit), keeled along the midrib; corolla rotate, lobes broadly elliptic, slightly exceeding calyx lobes, minutely glandular-ciliate on margin, brilliant vermilion, blue or purple; staminal filaments ciliate. Capsule c. 4 mm diam., dehiscent about the equator; seeds angular, elliptic or c. rectangular, c. 1.2 mm long, blackish, minutely papillate. Flowers mainly Sep.–Mar.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Europe. Native to Europe. Widespread and common on disturbed ground, in gardens and crops, roadsides, beside paths, etc.

Intensely blue- or purple-flowered plants have been known as Anagallis arvensis var. caerulea Gouan, but both these and the commoner vermilion forms may occur in mixed populations, apparently from the same parent plants, indicating that the two are mere colour forms not warranting formal recognition.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Primulaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2015-09-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
family Primulaceae
genus Lysimachia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Lysimachia arvensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lysimachia arvensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory