Paraserianthes lophantha subsp. lophantha

Cape Wattle

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Small tree to shrub, to 8 m high; branchlets with decurrent ridges, softly hairy. Leaves with rachis 3–12 cm long, finely hairy, with at least a raised gland at the junction of the terminal pinna; pinnae in 8–13 pairs; pinnules in 15–40 pairs, oblong, 4–10 mm long, 1–4 mm wide, asymmetric, mostly glabrous, apex acute, mucronate. Racemes often 2 per axil, 4–8 cm long, softly hairy; peduncles 10–30 mm long. Pods 8–12 cm long, 15–25 mm wide, yellow to reddish, glabrous, stalked; seeds 6–12, black, transverse.  Flowers Aug.–Sep.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *HSF, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro. Also naturalised WA (also native in WA), SA, NSW, Tas. Native to Western Australia. Widespread and troublesome weed in coastal or near-coastal areas. Buried seeds remain viable for many years.

While considered to be a post-European weed in Victoria, it was recorded as a dominant shrub on the summit of Mt Rodondo, a steep-sided granite island c. 10 km south of Wilsons Promontory, on its claimed first ascent by Europeans in 1947.

Source: Entwisle, T.J.; Maslin, B.R.; Cowan, R.S.; Court, A.B. (1996). Mimosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-08-31
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Paraserianthes lophantha subsp. lophantha in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Paraserianthes lophantha subsp. lophantha in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales