Silene nocturna L.

Mediterranean Catchfly

Sp. Pl. 416 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual; glandular-pubescent. Stems erect, simple or branched, 10–60 cm high. Leaves appressed-pubescent, ciliate, 10–55 mm long, 3–12 mm wide; basal leaves with petioles to 10 mm long, obovate-spathulate; stem leaves sessile or subsessile, lanceolate-obtuse. Inflorescence simple or sparsely-branched, racemose, few–many-flowered; bracts herbaceous. Flower bisexual; pedicels 2–10 mm long; calyx narrow-ovoid, larger in fruit, 6–13 mm long, 10-veined, eglandular-hairy, veins green or purplish, reticulate, calyx-lobes triangular-acuminate; petal-limb c. 1.5 mm long, pink, bifid; styles 3. Capsule ovoid-cylindric, 5–9(–11) mm long; carpophore 1–1.5 mm long, more or less puberulent; seeds reniform, greyish-red, faces deeply concave, dorsal rim very broad, minutely asperate-tuberculate only in the shallow groove, blunt elsewhere, 0.7–0.8 mm long. Flowers spring.

*CVU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *LoM, *MuM, *MSB, *OtP, *RobP, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalized all States except Qld. Native to the Mediterranean region. A widespread weed in Australia, usually in drier areas.

Source: Adams, L.G. (1996). Caryophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Silene
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Silene nocturna in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Silene nocturna in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present introduced
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory