Prasophyllum suaveolens D.L.Jones & R.Bates

Muelleria 8: 184 (1994) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Endemic

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:EPBC: endangered (EN); Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering stem slender, to 25 cm tall, solitary. Leaf-blade to 10 cm long, 2–3 mm diam. at base, apex erect, often partially senescent at flowering time. Flowers 10–25, small, fragrant, green to yellow-green with reddish markings, in a moderately loose spike 5–10 cm long; ovary turgid, obovoid, c. 3 mm long; sepals 3–5 mm long, dorsal sepal ovate-lanceolate, deflexed, lateral sepals linear-lanceolate, free or united for half their length, more or less parallel, recurved; petals narrow-obovate, 4–4.5 mm long. Labellum sessile, ovate-lanceolate, 4–5 mm long, porrect at base, recurved at about 90 deg. near middle, lamina greenish to pinkish, margins entire or slightly irregular; callus plate smooth, fleshy, raised, channelled, dull green, extending almost to the labellum apex. Column appendages linear-oblong, c. 1 mm long, truncate or emarginate. Flowers Oct.–Nov.

CVU, DunT, HSF, OtP, VVP, Wim. Endemic to the basalt plains of south-western Victoria where it grows in grassland and grassy woodland on brown water-retentive clay loams.

A poorly known species that is critically endangered due to massive habitat loss.

This species is part of a complex of similar looking taxa, and has been confused in particular with the sympatric Prasophyllum sp. aff. occidentale E, which flowers earlier, has a broader labellum and often grows in clumps.

Source: Bates, R.J. (1994). Prasophyllum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2018-02-06
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Prasophyllum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prasophyllum suaveolens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prasophyllum suaveolens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map