Viola fuscoviolacea (L.G.Adams) T.A.James

Muelleria 9: 35 (1996) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Stoloniferous perennial herb. Leaves tufted; lamina broadly ovate to ovate-rhombic, 5–7 mm long, 4–9 mm wide, base cuneate (or rarely almost truncate), tapering to petiole, apex obtuse, margins scalloped to coarsely toothed; petioles narrowly winged, 1–2.5 cm long; stipules free, linear-lanceolate, 1–5 mm long, laciniate. Flower-scapes 2–25 mm long, shorter than or just exceeding leaves, bracteoles below middle. Sepals lanceolate, 1.5–2 mm long, acute, basal appendages small; petals 2–3 mm long, blackish-violet (rarely paler), lower (anterior) petal obovate-elliptic, c. 2 mm wide, without spur; lateral petals entire, bearded. Capsule ovoid, 4–7 mm long. Flowers mostly Dec.–Jan. (Sep.–Nov. in lowlands).

GipP, HNF, SnM, VAlp. Also NSW, Tas. Grows in damp alpine herbfields of the alps (e.g. Buffalo Plateau, Bogong High Plains, Mt Wellington, Nunniong Plateau) with isolated occurrences in near-coastal Lepidosperma longitudinale sedgeland between Wilsons Promontory and Sale.

The South Gippsland occurrences appear to be genuine V. fuscoviolacea, but the very different habitat and altitude suggests these populations warrant further investigation.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Viola. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-04-17
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Violaceae
genus Viola
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Viola fuscoviolacea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Viola fuscoviolacea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania