Pterostylis sanguinea D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem

in M.A.Clem., Cat. Austral. Orchid. (Aust. Orchid Res. 1) 126 (1989) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant to 40 cm tall, stem leaves 5–10, spreading, lanceolate, 2–5 cm long, 4–12 mm wide, dark green. Rosette leaves on a separate plant, 3–10, ovate, 12–40 mm long, 6–15 mm wide. Flowers 1–12, semi-nodding, 11–15 mm long, dark reddish brown with transparent areas in the galea; dorsal sepal with a short apical point; lateral sepals deflexed, conjoined part broadly ovate, 11–14 mm long, 12–14 mm wide, mostly flat, concave beneath the labellum, free point c. 6 mm long, tapered; petals slightly falcate, with a well-developed proximal flange. Labellum oblong-ovate, 5.5–6.5 mm long, 3–3.5 mm wide, reddish-brown to blackish, basal mound with an erect, tail-like appendage c. 1 mm long. Flowers Jun.–Sep.

CVU, DunT, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuM, OtP, Strz, VVP, WPro, Wim. Also WA, SA, Tas. Of disjunct occurrence west from Yarram, in open forest and woodland, on well-drained sandy soils.

Plants from the Little and Big Deserts are typically smaller plants (to 10 cm high) with fewer (1–3), slightly smaller, paler flowers. They have been described as a distinct species, Urochilus arbusculus D.L.Jones & C.J.French (Jones & French 2017), but no combination currently exists for these in Pterostylis. Both taxa are illustrated in VicFlora.

Source: Jones, D.L. (1994). Pterostylis. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15

Jones, D.L. & French, C.J. (2017). Characterisation of Urochilus sanguineus, Australian Orchid Review 82(5): 42-47.

Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Pterostylis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pterostylis sanguinea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pterostylis sanguinea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales