Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

Hawthorn

Fl. Austriac. 3: 50 (1775) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Deciduous shrub or small tree to c. 10 m tall; stems glabrous to villous, usually armed with spines to c. 24 mm long. Leaves simple, rhombic to obovate, mostly 1–6 cm long, 1–6 cm wide, base cuneate, apex usually 3–7-lobed, lobes divergent and often cuneate, margins toothed, both surfaces glabrescent, veins on lower surface villous; petiole 5–50 mm long; stipules large, leafy. Flowers fragrant; pedicels glabrous below, often villous near base of hypanthium. Sepals narrowly triangular, 1.2–4.4 mm long, usually glabrous, deflexed; petals 3–7 mm long, white or pink; carpel 1, style usually 1. Pome sub-globose, 5–10 mm diam., glabrescent, bright red to dark red; pyrene usually 1. Flowers Oct.–Dec.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised SA, NSW, Tas. Native of Europe. A widely cultivated hedge plant and ornamental that has become naturalised at a number of localities, particularly in riparian sites.

Franco (1968) recognized 6 subspecies of C. monogyna. The material naturalised in Victoria appears to be a mixture of the subsp. monogyna (petiole 5–15 mm long, hypanthium glabrous) and the subsp. nordica Franco (petiole 20–25 mm long, hypanthium villous) but positive identification to subspecies level is only possible from fresh material with flowers and fruits.

Source: Jeanes, J.A.; Jobson, P.C. (1996). Rosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rosaceae
genus Crataegus
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Crataegus monogyna in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Crataegus monogyna in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
State
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania