Borago officinalis L.


Sp. Pl. 137 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual herb 30–80 cm high; hairs dense, simple, spreading, the larger ones broad-based. Leaves elliptic to lanceolate or oblanceolate, 4–20 cm long, 2–7 cm wide, acute or obtuse, base cuneate with decurrent clasping lobes, margins undulate, upper surface c. evenly hispid, hairs mainly confined to veins beneath. Inflorescences many-flowered; bracts shorter than pedicels; pedicels 10–40 mm long. Flowers 15–25 mm diam., deep blue; calyx 8–15 mm long, lobes narrow-elliptic to linear, connate for up to one-third of their length; corolla 12–18 mm long, tube short, lobes elliptic, throat scales conspicuous, hairy; stamen filaments 1–2 mm long, appendage c. 3 mm long, anthers 5–7 mm long, dark, tipped with a short apiculate appendage; style 5–7 mm long. Mericarps oblong-obovoid, c. 6 mm long, wrinkled, pale to dark brown. Flowers Aug.–Dec.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *HNF, *HSF, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Native to southern Europe. Cultivated as a culinary herb and occasionally escaping or persisting in abandoned gardens, usually in moist sites.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Boraginaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-02
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
family Boraginaceae
genus Borago
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Borago officinalis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Borago officinalis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory