Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica (Lam.) Backeb.

Cane Cactus

Cactaceae Jahrb. Deutsch. Kakteen-Ges. 1941: 12 (1942) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect shrub 1–3 m high, often with trunk to 1 m high and 10 cm diam. Terminal cladodes cylindric, 6–70 cm long, 1.5–5 cm diam., glabrous, greyish-green to darkish green, with slightly raised, rounded, rhomboidal to hexagonal tubercles; areoles somewhat depressed, 10–23 mm apart, filled with white wool; spines 1–6 per areole, spreading to deflexed, 1–2 cm long, 0.6–0.8 mm wide near base, straight, pale yellow, ageing brown or grey; glochids pale, very small and inconspicuous. Flowers subterminal, 2–3.5 cm diam.; perianth lobes firm, erect; sepaloids red; petaloids dull red; staminal filaments reddish above, white below, anthers pale yellow; style white, stigma green; hypanthium tuberculate. Fruit barrel-shaped, with deep apical depression when young, 3–7 cm long, 2–4 cm diam., tuberculate, spinose (spines deciduous), yellowish-green to orange when ripe, often persisting, sometimes proliferating. Flowers late spring–summer.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *VVP, *Wim. WA, SA, NSW. Native to the central highlands of Ecuador and Peru (Anderson 2001). Naturalised at Bulla, Geelong, Bacchus Marsh, Lake Lonsdale near Stawell, Lake Wyn Wyn near Natimuk and near Rushworth.

Created by: Val Stajsic, 2017-07-24
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-07-25
 
References

Anderson, E.F. (2001). The Cactus Family, Timber Press.

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Distribution map

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Victoria