Rosa rubiginosa L.

Sweet Briar

Mant. Pl. 2: 564 (1771) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or scrambling, pleasantly aromatic shrub to c. 3 m high; stems with sturdy curved prickles to c. 12 mm long, sometimes also glandular-hairy. Leaves pinnate, 5–7-foliolate; leaflets ovate to obovate or suborbicular, mostly 10–30 mm long, 5–20 mm wide, base and apex rounded, margins serrate, upper surface glabrous or hairy, lower surface usually with a mixture of simple and glandular hairs; stipules glandular. Flowers single or in few-flowered terminal corymbs; peduncles glandular-acicular, prickly. Sepals 5, outer ones often pinnatifid, glandular and spiny, hardly reflexed after flowering; petals 5, obovate to suborbicular, 8–25 mm long, emarginate, pink; stamens and styles numerous, styles free, not protruding. Hip ovoid to globose, 15–20 mm long, glabrous or with glandular hairs and bristles, red to almost black, sepals often persistent. Flowers Nov.–Jan.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalised all States except NT. Native of Europe. Widespread across the State, in farmland, dryish montane woodland, stony rises of the volcanic plain, disturbed areas along roadsides or in moist riparian habitats, etc.

Plants somewhat intermediate between Rosa rubiginosa and R. canina have been collected near Mildura. These have virtually glabrous elliptic leaflets (glandular around the margins only) similar to those of R. canina but glandular-acicular and prickly peduncles like those of R. rubiginosa.

Source: Jeanes, J.A.; Jobson, P.C. (1996). Rosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rosaceae
genus Rosa
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Rosa rubiginosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Rosa rubiginosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory