Picea abies (L.) H.Karst.

Deut. Fl. 2/ 3: 324 (1881) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Tree to 30 m tall. Bark grey-brown, scaly. Branches reddish brown, the upper ascending, the lower drooping.  Winter buds 4–5 mm, conical. Leaves 10–25 mm long, quadrangular or diamond-shaped in cross section, dull, pale green to dark green; apex acute, blunt-tipped. Female cones cylindrical, tapering towards tip, 10–16 cm long, green when young, pale brown at maturity; scales rhomboidal, rounded or toothed at the tip, thinly woody.


Native to Europe where it is widely cultivated for timber and in horticulture. Many cultivars exist. Grown in Australia as an ornamental and used as a Christmas tree. Occasionally found outside of cultivation in Victoria and New South Wales.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-07-08
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2017-05-02
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Pinaceae
genus Picea
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Picea abies in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Picea abies in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Highlands-Southern Fall present cultivated
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory