Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Monoecious trees, rarely shrubs. Leaves alternate or whorls, needle-like and spreading. Cones with numerous spirally arranged scales. Male cones lateral, short-lived; sporophylls with 2 sporangia. Female cones terminal, persistent; scales mostly finally woody, each with 2 ovules on upper side; ovules facing inwards. Seeds woody. Embryo with many cotyledons.

Mostly Northern Hemisphere family of 10 genera and c. 250 species, none native to Australia.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Conifers (Pinophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Andre Messina, 2014-07-15
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
Higher taxa
family Pinaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Cedrus
genus Picea
genus Pinus
genus Pseudotsuga